By Jill Frank
Supplying an historic schooling for our instances, Jill Frank's A Democracy of contrast translates Aristotle's writings in a manner that reimagines the principles, goals, and practices of politics, old and sleek. involved specifically with the paintings of creating a democracy of contrast, Frank exhibits that this sort of democracy calls for freedom and equality accomplished throughout the workout of virtue.
Moving from side to side among Aristotle's writings and modern felony and political thought, Frank breathes new lifestyles into our conceptions of estate, justice, and legislation through viewing them not just as associations yet as dynamic actions to boot. Frank's leading edge method of Aristotle stresses his appreciation of the tensions and complexities of politics in order that we would reconsider and reorganize our personal political principles and practices. A Democracy of contrast might be of large worth to classicists, political scientists, and someone attracted to revitalizing democratic conception and practice.
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Additional resources for A Democracy of Distinction: Aristotle and the Work of Politics
I say "in principle" because strictly speaking there are very few liberals or communi tarians anymore. A recognition of the inadequacy of the original oppositional formulation has produced instead liberal-communitarians and communitarian-liberals. T H E N AT U R E O F I D E N T I T Y 25 begi n by asking who is the citizen and what is the meaning of the term" ( Pol. 1274b32-1275a3) . He calls the question of citizen identity the first question of poli tics (Pol. 1274b42 ) , for, as we have just seen, it is citizens who, in carrying out their citizenshi p, make the social and political institutions that determine the identity of the polity.
This is not always the case. As I discuss in chapter 4, Aristotle calls Theramenes a model citizen in the Constitution ofAthens for refusing to follow the laws of the polity. Being T H E N AT U R E O F I D E N T I T Y 23 th e making of citizens. This suggests that being a citizen i s a combination of doing on the part of citizen practitioners and making on the part of social and political 21 in stitutions . At th e start o f his inquiry into citizenship, however, Aristotle says that it is important to leave to one side "those who have been made citizens and those who have obtained the name citizen in any other accidental way" ( Pol.
11. Swanson, "Aristotle on Nature," also argues that Aristotle understands nature to be changeable but claims that he presents his conclusions dogmatically for two reasons: first, because only the few philosophers can properly appreciate nature's changeability; and sec ond, to discourage "political challenges to the natural order in the name of progress or free dom" (p. 225 ) . I argue, by contrast, that Aristotle presents his conclusions imprecisely. I therefore disagree with Swanson's assessment and explanation of Aristotle's rhetorical ap proach to nature.
A Democracy of Distinction: Aristotle and the Work of Politics by Jill Frank