By Simon Collier
Delivering an outline of Chilean historical past for the overall reader in addition to the expert, this article employs basic and secondary fabrics to investigate the nation's political, financial, and social evolution from independence to 2002. in contrast to different works, the amount examines intensive the newest occasions of Chile's background: the diversification of its economic climate, unfold of democratic associations, development of public wellbeing and fitness, and emergence of a wealthy highbrow tradition. First version Hb (1996): 0-521-56075-6 First version Pb (1996): 0-521-56827-7
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Additional resources for A History of Chile, 1808-2002
Its population in 1800 cannot have exceeded 4,000. La Serena, focus of life in the north, was somewhat larger and more of a small town with its own atmosphere. Because of its military role and direct links to Peru and Spain, the second city of the colony, Concepci´on, destroyed by earthquake in 1751 and rebuilt on a new site alongside the B´ıo B´ıo, regarded itself, not altogether convincingly, as the rival of Santiago. In fact, only the capital itself was much of a town in 1800. Most of its one-story houses were built of adobe.
If Chile was isolated from the world, colonial townships were in many ways isolated from each other. Roads worthy of the name scarcely existed. Governor O’Higgins built an adequate highway from Santiago to Valparaiso, though Captain George Vancouver, who saw it (as it was being completed) on his visit in 1795, was struck by how little it was used. 15 Until the advent of the railroads, the easiest way of traveling up and down the country was by ship. ) But in late-colonial times, the number of regular upper-class travelers was in any case very small.
Yet neither the hacienda nor inquilinaje was at any stage universal in Chile, either in colonial times or later. Smaller properties, some no more than tiny subsistence plots, abounded. These seem to have come into existence in a variety of ways: from simple squatting, from the smaller land-grants of the conquest, from concessions of municipal land to deserving peons, and from the subdivision of larger properties – a common practice under Spanish law. The most prosperous smaller farms were to be found in areas like the Aconcagua Valley, close to the urban market, such as it was, of Santiago.
A History of Chile, 1808-2002 by Simon Collier