By Nora Bensahel, Olga Oliker, Keith Crane, Richard R. Brennan, HEather S. Gregg
This monograph examines prewar making plans efforts for the reconstruction of postwar Iraq. It then examines the position of U.S. army forces after significant strive against formally ended on may well 1, 2003, via June 2004. ultimately, it examines civilian efforts at reconstruction, targeting the actions of the Coalition Provisional Authority and its efforts to rebuild buildings of governance, safety forces, fiscal coverage, and crucial providers.
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Extra info for After Saddam: Prewar Planning and the Occupation of Iraq
The Department of Defense, of course, was responsible for providing resources to support these efforts—to the extent they were available and did not conflict with ongoing military operations. ____________ 35 According to one official, OSD did not conduct an estimate of the number of troops required for Phase IV operations because that was the responsibility of CENTCOM planners and the Joint Staff. However, senior officials within OSD questioned why more troops might be required for Phase IV operations than were needed for major combat operations.
It is also unclear how it was determined that 250,000 troops would be sufficient for the tasks likely to be required in a postwar Iraq. S. military experience in postwar situations in Bosnia and Kosovo suggest that postwar operations require a ratio of 20 soldiers for every 1,000 inhabitants. With an Iraqi population of 25 million, historical experience suggests that a minimum of 500,000 soldiers would be required. That number is in addition to the numbers of police, gendarmerie, and carabinieri units that would be of vital assistance in maintaining public order.
Finally, the C5 planning staff concluded that the rapid advance of maneuvering units would place ground forces in positions that might not enable them to adjust rapidly to the immediate postwar situation. A troop-to-task analysis was conducted to determine how many brigade equivalents would be necessary to maintain security, but the analysis was predicated on the existence of an effective local police force. No one anticipated, and therefore no one planned for, the requirements for maintaining security in the absence of local police.
After Saddam: Prewar Planning and the Occupation of Iraq by Nora Bensahel, Olga Oliker, Keith Crane, Richard R. Brennan, HEather S. Gregg