By Elizabeth Kauffman Bush
Even if undesirable eyesight saved him from receiving a fee within the U.S. military whilst he graduated from the Naval Academy in 1933, Draper Kauffman turned a hero of underwater demolition in international battle II and went directly to a amazing naval occupation. this day Admiral Kauffman is remembered because the nation's first frogman and the daddy of the military Seals. His surprising wartime carrier disarming enemy bombs, setting up bomb disposal faculties, and organizing and prime the Navy's first demolition devices is the focal point of this biography written by way of Kauffman's sister. Elizabeth Kauffman Bush, who is also the aunt of President George W. Bush, attracts on kin papers in addition to military files to inform Kauffman's tale for the 1st time. made up our minds to protect the reason for freedom lengthy sooner than the U.S. ever entered the conflict, Kauffman was once taken prisoner by way of the Germans as an ambulance motive force in France, and after his unlock joined the Royal military to defuse delayed-action bombs throughout the London blitz. After Pearl Harbor his eyes have been deemed enough and he was once given a fee within the U.S. Naval Reserve. along with his event, he was once requested to set up an underwater demolition tuition in citadel Pierce, Florida, the place he in my view proficient males to defuse bombs and neutralize different submerged hazards. His males have been despatched to demolish the stumbling blocks put in via the Nazis at Normandy, and Kauffman himself led underwater demolition groups within the Pacific at Saipan, Tinian, and Guam and later directed UDT operations at Iwo Jima and Okinawa. His males be mindful him as an outstanding chief who led by means of instance. He informed and fought along them, impervious to possibility. due to the excessive criteria he set in case you turned "frogmen,"thousands of yankee lives have been kept in international battle II, Korea, and Vietnam. Draper Kauffman's early tested UDT traditions of perseverance, teamwork, and a long-lasting brotherhood of fellows of impressive braveness is carried on via army Seals. this is often his legacy to the U.S. military and his state.
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Extra resources for America's First Frogman: The Draper Kauffman Story
For the Jellicoe Mission see A. ), The Jellicoe Papers, Vol. II (Navy Records Society, London, 1968), pp. 284–397; N. ), The Collective Naval Defence of the Empire 1900–1940 (Navy Records Society, London, 1997), pp. 241–74. J. Ferris, ‘ ‘‘It Is Our Business in the Navy to Command the Seas’’: The Last Decade of British Maritime Supremacy, 1919–1929’, in K. Neilson and G. Kennedy (eds), Far Flung Lines: Studies in Imperial Defence in Honour of Donald Mackenzie Schurman (Frank Cass, London, 1997), pp.
593–4. R. Louis, British Strategy in the Far East 1919–1939 (Clarendon, Oxford 1971), discusses British policy with regard to China. P. Sales, ‘The Naval Mission and Australian Security after the First World War’, in D. ), Maritime Power in the 20th Century: The Australian Experience (St Leonards, New South Wales, 1998), p. 40. For the Jellicoe Mission see A. ), The Jellicoe Papers, Vol. II (Navy Records Society, London, 1968), pp. 284–397; N. ), The Collective Naval Defence of the Empire 1900–1940 (Navy Records Society, London, 1997), pp.
But, even so, just to maintain a battle ﬂeet of 15 ships, the British would need to lay down seven new ships between 1937 and 1939, followed by another ﬁve battleships between 1939 and 1943. 33 However, the 1935 Italian action in Abyssinia made the strategic situation worse. Not only was it a direct challenge to the League of Nations’ notion of collective security, already showing cracks after Japan’s invasion of Manchuria, but it was also an important strategic consideration for the British. With Japan and Germany out of the League, and the United States never in it, it would fall to the British, and mainly to the Mediterranean Fleet, to impose any League sanctions against Italy, and the British did not feel strong enough in the Mediterranean to carry this out.
America's First Frogman: The Draper Kauffman Story by Elizabeth Kauffman Bush