By Monda Halpern
Concentrating on white; Anglo-Protestant farm ladies in southern and southwestern Ontario, Monda Halpern argues that many Ontario farm ladies have been certainly feminist, and that this feminism was once extra revolutionary than their conservative picture has instructed. In And On That Farm He Had a spouse Halpern demonstrates that Ontario farm girls adhered to social feminism -- a feminism that desirous about values and reports linked to girls and that emphasised the diversities among men and women, selling lady specificity, harmony, and separatism. those ideas have been educated via farm women's overlapping roles as other halves and unpaid farm labourers.
Because males quite often owned the "family farm", farm women's monetary welfare depended mostly at the gentle negotiation in their interconnected roles. but the ladies Halpern uncovers have been strangely outspoken approximately their devaluation at the farm and approximately patriarchal traditions and associations that mistreated ladies in most cases. And On That Farm He Had a spouse indicates how Ontario farm better halves and daughters sought to enhance their lives, mainly throughout the domestic economics move and Women's Institutes. They dedicated themselves to private improvement, to raising the character and standing in their paintings, and to public participation in social reform designed to aid others in addition to themselves. All of those efforts have been an expression in their social feminism, which persevered inspite of the dramatic adjustments in rural existence at mid-century.
And On That Farm He Had a spouse will attract students and scholars of Canadian heritage, women's historical past, and rural stories, in addition to to normal readers drawn to a overlooked tale of Ontario's prior.
Read or Download And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 PDF
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Concentrating on white; Anglo-Protestant farm ladies in southern and southwestern Ontario, Monda Halpern argues that many Ontario farm girls have been certainly feminist, and that this feminism used to be extra innovative than their conservative photo has steered. In And On That Farm He Had a spouse Halpern demonstrates that Ontario farm girls adhered to social feminism -- a feminism that keen on values and reviews linked to ladies and that emphasised the variations among men and women, selling woman specificity, unity, and separatism.
Additional info for And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970
53 Farm women were essential to the farm economy largely through their unpaid productive and reproductive labour, another reason for the historical invisibility of them and their work. 54 The general condition of women’s unpaid work has led to the assumption that women’s labour on the farm was exclusively in the form of production for use rather than for sale, and thus it has gone unnoticed. But these two functions are not so easily separated. 60 Carolyn Sachs emphasizes that “the position of women on a farm [and their perception of those positions] cannot be understood without considering male domination in society and in the family”61 – another reason perhaps why traditional historians have disregarded serious analysis of Ontario farm women.
Fm Page 27 Monday, August 27, 2001 8:37 AM 3 “These self-made men make me tired”: Gender Conflict on the Farm at the Turn of the Century In early twentieth-century Ontario, the survival of the family farm enterprise necessitated interdependence and cooperation between women and men, who assumed differing roles on the farm. The presumption that this mutuality nurtured an egalitarian partnership between wives and husbands, however, not only overstates women’s power within the patriarchal farm and family, but implies that little or no conflict existed between women and men within the farm family.
It is true that the rigours of farm life took an emotional toll on its women, and were sometimes too overwhelming to bear. Louisa Good, for example, experienced excessive strain and fatigue in her unsuccessful effort to attack the staggering workload at Myrtleville, her parents’ large farm near Brantford. She was acutely aware of her inability to conform to the demanding domestic role which was expected of her as a woman – especially a farm woman. These feelings no doubt contributed to her stay at a small private hospital in Toronto in 1911; in 1912 she was committed to the Ontario Hospital in Hamilton.
And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 by Monda Halpern