By Paul A. Selden, John R. Nudds
"Major advances in our knowing of the background of lifestyles in the world have resulted from the learn of enormously well-preserved fossil websites (Lagerstätten). examine of such websites from around the globe and from assorted sessions in geological time grants a reasonably whole photograph of the evolution of ecosystems down the a while ... The authors have introduced jointly succinct summaries of 14 of the better-known fossil Lagerstätten ... Following a common creation to fossil Lagerstätten, each one bankruptcy offers with a unmarried fossil web site and follows a similar structure: its evolutionary place and value; its heritage sedimentology, stratigraphy and palaeoenvironment; an outline of the biota and palaeoecology, and a comparability with different comparable Lagerstätten. there's an appendix of correct museums and proposals for vacationing the sites"--P.  of cover. Read more...
content material: Ediacara --
The Burgess Shale --
The Soom Shale --
The Hunsrück Slate --
The Rhynie Chert --
Mazon Creek --
Grès à Voltzia --
The Holzmaden Shale --
The Morrison Formation --
The Solnhofen Limestone --
The Santana and Crato Formations --
Grube Messel --
Baltic amber --
Rancho los angeles Brea.
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Extra info for Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems
Trewin, N. H. 1985. Mass mortalities of Devonian fish – the Achanarras Fish Bed, Caithness. Geology Today 2, 45–49. Trewin, N. H. 1986. Palaeoecology and sedimentology of the Achanarras fish bed of the Middle Old Red Sandstone, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 77, 21–46. RHYNIE CHERT Background: colonization of the land The consequences of plants and animals leaving the marine realm and colonizing the surface of the land were far-reaching, not least for the evolution of the human race, which belongs to the Earth’s terrestrial biota.
G. g. Rhynie, Ludlow, and Gilboa, described in Chapter 5, the fossil record lacks major Lagerstätten. The Ordovician Period, in particular, is fairly barren of exceptional biotas. However, one Ordovician horizon, the Soom Shale Member of the Table Mountain Group of Lower Palaeozoic sedimentary rocks of the Western Cape, South Africa, sprang to fame in the 1990s with the discovery of giant conodont animals with preserved musculature and feeding apparatuses. The Soom Shale is the most important Ordovician Lagerstätte and is unique in that it comes from a high-latitude (60°S), cool, glacially influenced, marine habitat.
Other exciting animals from the Soom Shale include the eurypterid (‘sea scorpion’) Onychopterella, which also shows details of musculature as well as the gut, enigmatic naraoiid trilobites, and orthocone cephalopods (relatives of squids and ammonites with straight, conical shells). 29 EVOLUTION OF F OSSIL E COSYSTEMS 30 Stratigraphic setting and taphonomy of the Soom Shale The Soom Shale Member is maximally 10 m (30 ft) thick, characteristically finely laminated and yellowbrown to light or dark grey (see below).
Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems by Paul A. Selden, John R. Nudds