Download Roman Girlhood and the Fashioning of Femininity by Lauren Caldwell PDF

By Lauren Caldwell

ISBN-10: 1107041007

ISBN-13: 9781107041004

Elite girls within the Roman global have been usually informed, socially trendy, or even really autonomous. but the social regime that ushered those comparable ladies into marriage and childbearing at an early age was once remarkably restrictive. within the first book-length examine of girlhood within the early Roman Empire, Lauren Caldwell investigates the explanations for this paradox. via an exam of literary, felony, scientific, and epigraphic resources, she identifies the social pressures that tended to weigh down matters approximately girls' person future health and health. In demonstrating how early marriage used to be pushed by way of quite a few issues, together with the worth put on premarital virginity and paternal authority, this publication complements an knowing of the placement of ladies as they made the transition from formative years to womanhood.

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Plin. Ep. 9: amisit enim filiam, quae non minus mores eius quam os vultumque referebat, totumque patrem mira similitudine exscripserat. Val. Max. 3: repraesentata patris facundia. The story of Hortensia is repeated in Quint. Inst. 6 and App. B. Civ. 32–33. Plin. Ep. 1: Fundani nostri filia. Text of the inscription is given below. ”38 Nowhere is this clearer than in Pliny’s invocation of the traditional literary motif of the wedding-turned-funeral. 39 While the description of Minicia movingly conveys a father’s grief, it also has the effect of placing a daughter within a marital process that is controlled by her father.

For all of his interest in accentuating Minicia’s resemblance to her father, then, Pliny is just as interested in communicating a message about Minicia as the wife and mother she would never become. Mention of the wedding, the essential rite of passage for the chaste virgo, is prefaced with Pliny’s succinct yet sweeping statement about the virtues of femininity that Minicia displayed. 42 Collapsing the female life course into a single sentence with its variety of age-based 38 39 40 41 42 Plin. Ep.

50: me tamen extincto fama superstes erit. 32 Formal education and socialization in virtue she could move to adulthood, manages this transition, if only in the world of Pliny’s letter. Much of what is moving about her commemoration comes from the suggestion that she was poised to become a virtuous wife, as her wedding, with all the trappings, had already been prepared. In confronting the mismatch between the active masculine virtue inspired by formal education and the conventional passive virtue for which women were valued, Ovid’s treatment of Perilla is reminiscent of the message conveyed by Musonius.

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Roman Girlhood and the Fashioning of Femininity by Lauren Caldwell

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