By Lynne Attwood
Based on the Soviet structure, men and women have equivalent rights. besides the fact that, it has proved a bit more durable to set up this actually than it's to claim it in legislations. The Western literature on girls within the Soviet Union typically concedes that massive efforts were made, yet that those were impeded through the survival of convinced "sex-role stereotypes". but little has been acknowledged in regards to the ways that sex-roles are obtained within the Soviet Union. This e-book goals to fill that hole. it's basically an research of Soviet writings on intercourse and gender, the weather of proposal round them, and their implications for the advance of female and male character ameliorations. It unearths that there has, in reality, been little test lately to beat the sex-role stereotypes which stand within the manner of equality among the sexes. trouble concerning the so-called "demographic trouble" has truly had the other influence.
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Extra resources for The New Soviet Man and Woman: Sex-Role Socialization in the USSR
They explain it as an off-shoot of psychology's rejection of Freudianism, in particular its 'inherent hypertrophy of the sex life of man'; 1 or as a misguided oversensitivity to the issue of women's equality. 2 Whatever the reason, the absence of a sex dimension in Soviet psychology of the personality has, in the view of the pedagogical writers, done severe damage to the healthy development of the personalities of men and women. They predict that psychology will soon come to realize its error and adapt to accommodate what they see as vital psychological differences between boys and girls.
Instead of seeing personality differences between men and women as cultural constructs, which need to be eradicated in the interests of achieving equality, it is argued by certain groups of feminists that there are, indeed, fundamental differences in the psychological make-up of the sexes, which are rooted in nature. Female personality is portrayed as innately more nurturant, cooperative, peaceful, attuned to nature, and - in short - morally superior to that of men. Lynne Segal describes the situation as 'a Manichean struggle between female virtue and male vice, with ensuing catastrophe and doom unless 'female' morality and value prevail'.
John Dewey's 'Project Method', for example, was tried out in Soviet schools: children would work on projects rather than undergo formal tuition. 12 A new discipline called pedology emerged to complement pedagogy and construct a Marxist theory of childhood which could be translated into educational practice. Pedologists worked alongside teachers, and performed intelligence tests on children, again based on Western methods. They explained children's failings not in terms of the children's own efforts or in the teaching methods employed, but almost exclusively in terms of the environment.
The New Soviet Man and Woman: Sex-Role Socialization in the USSR by Lynne Attwood